Guatemala is the nothernmost country in Central America. It borders to the North and West with Mexico; to the East with Belize, Honduras, El Salvador and the Caribbean and to the South with the Pacific Ocean. Administratively it is divided into 22 departaments, which are equivalent to States or provinces and it has a terrtory of 108,889 square kilometers (42,042 square miles).
The country enjoys moderate climate throughout the year in most of its territory, with an average temperature of 20oC (75oF). Guatemala's total estimated population is 13 millon inhabitants. The official language is Spanish but 23 indigenous languages are spoken through the land. It should be highlighted that Guatemala's nature is extensive and unique.
This makes is a natural paradise with a wide variety of landscape, from the tropical rainforest of Peten, through the volcanose and lakes of the highland, to the tropical
beaches of the Pacific Ocean and the Caribben Sea. Therefore it has a vast amount of flora and fauna that makes Guatemala rank very high in biological diversity in Central America.
The legacy of the Mayan civilization and the colonial period as well as its living cultures (customs and tradicionts) represent the main attractions of the country. The Mayans developed a very complex social, political, scientific and artistic organization. They developed a calendar as accurate as the gregorian calendar. Its architecture is based on pyramidal shaped-
They were the creators of hyroglyphic writing that has made it possible to interpret their legacy through the passing of time. Scholars who study Mayan civilization have divided its evolution in three great periods: the pre-